Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [citation needed], Oliver's band was among the most influential jazz bands in Chicago in the early 1920s. During this time he abandoned the often blues-based original material of his earlier years for a remarkably fine choice of popular songs by such noted composers as Hoagy Carmichael, Irving Berlin, and Duke Ellington. [11] About two years later, he had a daughter, Beatrice "Mama Lucy" Armstrong, who was raised by Albert. He traveled with the band of Fate Marable, which toured on the steamboat Sidney with the Streckfus Steamers line up and down the Mississippi River. This prompted the formation of Louis Armstrong’s All-Stars, a Dixieland band that at first included such other jazz greats as Hines and trombonist Jack Teagarden. During the 1940s, a widespread revival of interest in the traditional jazz of the 1920s made it possible for Armstrong to consider a return to the small-group musical style of his youth. In 1931, Armstrong appeared in his first movie, Ex-Flame and was also convicted of marijuana possession but received a suspended sentence. He also became second trumpet for the Tuxedo Brass Band. Define Louis Armstrong. Friends Who Liked This Quote. 94 likes All Members Who Liked This Quote. Louis Armstrong grew up in dire poverty in New Orleans, Louisiana. Long before this, however, Armstrong was playing around with his vocals, shortening and lengthening phrases, interjecting improvisations, using his voice as creatively as his trumpet. Known as "the Brown Bomber." (Armstrong also appeared in humorous, albeit risqué, cards that he had printed to send out to friends; the cards bore a picture of him sitting on a toilet—as viewed through a keyhole—with the slogan "Satch says, 'Leave it all behind ya! Recommend to friends. Definition of Louis Armstrong from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. [122], Against his doctor's advice, Armstrong played a two-week engagement in March 1971 at the Waldorf-Astoria's Empire Room. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band performing in Chicago, 1923. Bing Crosby and many other celebrities were regulars at the club. The nickname has many possible origins. Armstrong, louis definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Young musicians across the country, black or white, were turned on by Armstrong's new type of jazz. Louis Armstrong, trumpet "West End Blues" was a sleepy Southern blues tune written by Joe "King" Oliver until it landed in the hands of trumpeter Louis Armstrong in … He helped raise jazz to the level of a fine art, and he influenced nearly all jazz horn players who came after him. Standing on the Corner (Blue Yodel No. In 1995, the U.S. Post Office issued a Louis Armstrong 32 cents commemorative postage stamp. [79] That said, Armstrong was registered as "Lewie" for the 1920 U.S. Census. In the 1960s, he toured Ghana and Nigeria. Even special musicians like Duke Ellington have praised Armstrong through strong testimonials. Wikipedia Dictionaries. American prizefighter who held the heavyweight title for nearly 12 years (1937-1949), successfully defending it for a … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He switched to the trumpet to blend in better with the other musicians in his section. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. In his last years ill health curtailed his trumpet playing, but he continued as a singer. [124] He was residing in Corona, Queens, New York City, at the time of his death. The solo that Armstrong plays during the song "Potato Head Blues" has long been considered his best solo of that series. Louis Armstrong, Louis Armstrong, In His Own Words: Selected Writings, ed. Jazz trumpet player, singer. With this band, the thirteen year-old Armstrong attracted the attention of Kid Ory. Fearn, who was at the session, kept telling him to continue. His influence upon Crosby is particularly important with regard to the subsequent development of popular music: Crosby admired and copied Armstrong, as is evident on many of his early recordings, notably "Just One More Chance" (1931). [81][82] They adopted a three-year-old boy, Clarence, whose mother, Armstrong's cousin Flora, had died soon after giving birth. [106] He kept a strong connection throughout his life to the cooking of New Orleans, always signing his letters, "Red beans and ricely yours ..."[107], A fan of Major League Baseball, he founded a team in New Orleans that was known as Raggedy Nine and transformed the team into his Armstrong's "Secret Nine Baseball". [50], In the first half of 1927, Armstrong assembled his Hot Seven group, which added drummer Al "Baby" Dodds and tuba player, Pete Briggs, while preserving most of his original Hot Five lineup. His father, William Armstrong, was a factory worker and abandoned the family soon after Louis’s birth. he husked. Louis-Armstrong. [30], Armstrong played in brass bands and riverboats in New Orleans, first on an excursion boat in September 1918. [34] In 1922, he moved to Chicago at the invitation of King Oliver. His irrepressible personality both as a performer and as a public figure was so strong that to some it sometimes overshadowed his contributions as a musician and singer. Armstrong was a black man, but what he did with jazz went passed racial prejudice. a brain has, the smarter the person is. Armstrong moved to Los Angeles in 1930 to seek new opportunities. Louis Armstrong reshaped American music, but he also made a deep impact on race relations. "[135] In 1950, Bing Crosby, the most successful vocalist of the first half of the 20th century, said, "He is the beginning and the end of music in America."[136]. is one of his most recognizable performances. Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. Armstrong was not the first to record scat singing, but he was masterful at it and helped popularize it with the first recording on which he scatted, "Heebie Jeebies". it’s A 26 letters crossword definition. On February 4, 1924, he married Lil Hardin Armstrong, King Oliver's pianist. ", a song by Jerry Herman, originally sung by Carol Channing. [43], The Hot Five included Kid Ory (trombone), Johnny Dodds (clarinet), Johnny St. Cyr (banjo), Lil Armstrong on piano, and usually no drummer. William Armstrong abandoned the family shortly after. Louis Armstrong synonyms, Louis Armstrong pronunciation, Louis Armstrong translation, English dictionary definition of Louis Armstrong. It has given me something to live for. [64] Following a highly successful small-group jazz concert at New York Town Hall on May 17, 1947, featuring Armstrong with trombonist/singer Jack Teagarden, Armstrong's manager, Joe Glaser dissolved the Armstrong big band on August 13, 1947, and established a six-piece traditional jazz group featuring Armstrong with (initially) Teagarden, Earl Hines and other top swing and Dixieland musicians, most of whom were previously leaders of big bands. Armstrong played the trumpet so powerfully that he often split his lip. [25], Armstrong developed his cornet skills by playing in the band. On the next day, March 19, 1919, Armstrong and Parker married at City Hall. Armstrong's famous interpretation of Carmichael's "Stardust" became one of the most successful versions of this song ever recorded, showcasing Armstrong's unique vocal sound and style and his innovative approach to singing songs that had already become standards. His performances there are featured in the book, Freedomland U.S.A.: The Definitive History (Theme Park Press, 2019). In the APA definition, the term “ambivalence” means that a person has contradictory feelings or attitudes toward themselves or a situation, event, or person. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. Guys who invent terms like that are walking the streets with their instruments under their arms."[68]. Cortázar once called Armstrong himself "Grandísimo Cronopio" (The Great Cronopio). As a child, he worked odd jobs and sang in a boys’ quartet. Armstrong then married Alpha Smith. "[95], Armstrong was largely accepted into white society, both on stage and off, a rarity for a black person at the time. [114] On a later recording, Armstrong also sang out "I done forgot the words" in the middle of recording "I'm A Ding Dong Daddy From Dumas". [140], The house where Armstrong lived for almost 28 years was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977 and is now a museum. [80] In the video with Armstrong standing at her side, Lucille prepares his favorite red beans recipe and refers to "Louie" several times. Some of his solos from the 1950s, such as the hard rocking version of "St. Louis Blues" from the WC Handy album, show that the influence went in both directions.[91]. Look it up now! He spent the night at New Orleans Juvenile Court, then was sentenced the next day to detention at the Colored Waif's Home. In 1964, Armstrong knocked The Beatles off the top of the Billboard Hot 100 chart with "Hello, Dolly! from the live album In Scandinavia vol.1. (Soundbite of music, “What a Wonderful World”) Mr. LOUIS ARMSTRONG (Late Singer): (Singing) I see trees of green, red roses too. Tag: Definition. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? [91] Armstrong once told Cab Calloway that his scat style was derived "from the Jews rockin", an Orthodox Jewish style of chanting during prayer.[115][116]. Armstrong was now free to develop his personal style as he wished, which included a heavy dose of effervescent jive, such as "Whip That Thing, Miss Lil" and "Mr. Johnny Dodds, Aw, Do That Clarinet, Boy! Armstrong lived luxuriously in his own apartment with his first private bath. Located in his historic Queens, New York City … His honorary pallbearers included Bing Crosby, Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Pearl Bailey, Count Basie, Harry James, Frank Sinatra, Ed Sullivan, Earl Wilson, Alan King, Johnny Carson and David Frost. [127], Armstrong was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1972 by the Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Musicians and close friends usually called him "Pops".[78]. The postwar generation regarded their music as abstract art and considered Armstrong's vaudevillian style, half-musician and half-stage entertainer, outmoded and Uncle Tomism, "... he seemed a link to minstrelsy that we were ashamed of. Trumpet player and singer Louis Armstrong was one of the world’s greatest jazz musicians. [69][70], After finishing his contract with Decca Records, he became a freelance artist and recorded for other labels. While selling coal in Storyville, he heard spasm bands, groups that played music out of household objects. He began to scat sing (improvised vocal jazz using nonsensical words) and was among the first to record it, on the Hot Five recording "Heebie Jeebies" in 1926. Louis Armstrong. He played at the New Cotton Club in Los Angeles with Lionel Hampton on drums. His resonant, velvety lower-register tone and bubbling cadences on sides such as "Lazy River" exerted a huge influence on younger white singers such as Bing Crosby. The museum opened to the public on October 15, 2003. Faubus", David Margolick, The Day Louis Armstrong Made Noise, "9 Things You May Not Know About Louis Armstrong – History Lists", "Rare Footage of Duke Ellington Highlights When Jazz and Baseball Were in Perfect Harmony", "NPR's Jazz Profiles from NPR: Louis Armstrong: The Singer", "Louis Armstrong's Secret Lessons From Judaism", Hit Parade Italia – Festival di Sanremo 1968, "High Society (1956) - High Society Calpyso", "Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies", "Louis Armstrong Dies: 1971 Year in Review", "Experience The Music: One Hit Wonders and The Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll", "At Home with Harold Bloom: (3) The Jazz Bridge", "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire", Louis Armstrong: discography and early recordings (RealPlayer format), "Louis Armstrong Transcription Project – John P Birchall", Discography of American Historical Recordings, "How (and Why) I Grew to Love King Louis", "When I Pick Up That Horn, That's All" by Nat Hentoff, "Louis Armstrong collected news and commentary", You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart), The Complete Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong on Verve. It was on this occasion that he found out that she had a common-law husband. It derives from a Middle English nickname which meant someone with strong arms. In the process, he dislodged the Beatles from the No. [51], Armstrong returned to New York in 1929, where he played in the pit orchestra for the musical Hot Chocolates, an all-black revue written by Andy Razaf and pianist Fats Waller. He used laxatives to control his weight, a practice he advocated both to acquaintances and in the diet plans he published under the title Lose Weight the Satchmo Way. Armstrong described his time with Marable as "going to the University", since it gave him a wider experience working with written arrangements. In 1937, Armstrong substituted for Rudy Vallee on the CBS radio network and became the first African American to host a sponsored, national broadcast. Armstrong was performing at the Brick House in Gretna, Louisiana, when he met Daisy Parker, a local prostitute. December 1, 2020 [email protected] _84. He became one of the first jazz musicians to be featured on extended trumpet solos, injecting his own personality and style. See more. Armstrong Louis definition: Louis Known as “Satchmo.” 1901-1971American jazz musician. Armstrong's Contributions. As a virtuoso trumpet player, Armstrong had a unique tone and an extraordinary talent for melodic improvisation. Louis Armstrong, 1953. The museum is operated by the Queens College, City University of New York, following the dictates of Lucille Armstrong's will. [84] His relationship with Alpha, however, began while he was playing at the Vendome during the 1920s and continued long after. His trumpet range continued to expand, as demonstrated in the high-note showpieces in his repertoire. Encouraged by his wife, Armstrong quit Oliver’s band to seek further fame. In publicity, much to his chagrin, she billed him as "the World's Greatest Trumpet Player". As with his trumpet playing, Armstrong's vocal innovations served as a foundation stone for the art of jazz vocal interpretation. Louis-Armstrong. Amazingly talented and charismatic jazz musician, most famous throughout the 40s and 50s.Also known as Satchmo.Best known for his song "What a Wonderful World", but his duets with Ella Fitzgerald leave "Wonderful World" in the dust. [85] His marriage to his third wife lasted four years, and they divorced in 1942. When this ugly gangster told Joe Glaser that he must take the name of Armstrong down, off of the marquee, and it was an 'order from Al Capone,' Mr. Glaser looked this cat straight in the face and told him these words: 'I think that Louis Armstrong is the world's greatest, and this is my place, and I defy anybody to take his name down from there.' In her small home, he had to share a bed with his mother and sister. [29] Around the age of fifteen, he pimped for a prostitute named Nootsy, but that relationship failed after she stabbed Armstrong in the shoulder and his mother nearly choked her to death. [4] Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. [139] Dedicated in April 1980, the park includes a 12-foot statue of Armstrong, trumpet in hand. '")[100] The cards have sometimes been incorrectly described as ads for Swiss Kriss. Define Jazz • What is Jazz music? "[47], Armstrong also played with Erskine Tate's Little Symphony, which played mostly at the Vendome Theatre. Louis Armstrong - United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader Satchmo, Armstrong She encouraged him to play classical music in church concerts to broaden his skills. In the second stanza he breaks into an almost fully improvised melody, which then evolves into a classic passage of Armstrong "scat singing". Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. His performance of "Hello Dolly" won for best male pop vocal performance at the 1964 Grammy Awards. He recorded his first solos as a member of the Oliver band in such pieces as “Chimes Blues” and “Tears,” which Lil and Louis Armstrong composed. He sang the title song with actress Barbra Streisand. Willis Conover (left) interviewing Louis Armstrong for the Voice of America, 1955. If I had to choose between the two, ultimately, I wouldn't. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. Through his playing, the trumpet emerged as a solo instrument in jazz and is used widely today. Some musicians criticized Armstrong for playing in front of segregated audiences, and for not taking a strong enough stand in the American civil rights movement. Louis Armstrong was a jazz trumpeter, bandleader and singer known for songs like "What a Wonderful World,” “Hello, Dolly,” ”Star Dust” and "La Vie En Rose.” Who Was Louis Armstrong? [91], In addition to being an entertainer, Armstrong was a leading personality of the day. Armstrong’s autobiographies included Swing That Music (1936) and Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans (1954). [101] In a live recording of "Baby, It's Cold Outside" with Velma Middleton, he changes the lyric from "Put another record on while I pour" to "Take some Swiss Kriss while I pour. This Special Merit Award is presented by vote of the Recording Academy's National Trustees to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording. [44] Armstrong's band leading style was easygoing, as St. Cyr noted, "One felt so relaxed working with him, and he was very broad-minded ... always did his best to feature each individual. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. `` Dipper '', and his health began to experience problems with his trumpet playing the. 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